World’s Favourite Sport Football: All You Need to Know About the !

When two teams of 11 players each try and maneuver the ball into the opposing team’s goal, they are referred to as playing football, also known as association football or soccer. It is only legal for the goalkeepers of the opposing teams to touch the ball in the penalty zone surrounding the goal. The team with the most goals at the end of the competition is victorious.

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Football is the most widely played and watched sport in the world. The sport’s simple rules and low equipment requirements have made it a hugely popular sport.

As a result, the sport can be played on any playing surface or playing condition (playing fields, lawns, artificial turfs, bitumen, or beaches), further enhancing the sport’s worldwide appeal.

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More than 250 million people participate in football, according to FIFA (Fédération Internationale de Football Association), the sport’s governing organization, and another 1.3 billion people are “interested” in it.

According to FIFA, at least 3.572 billion individuals tuned in to witness the World Cup final between France and Croatia on June 14 for at least a minute. The match was viewed live by over 1.12 billion people.

Did You Know?

Sir Alex Ferguson took over as Manchester United manager in 1986, and Aston Villa had previously been more successful than the Red Devils. Villa had already won seven domestic league championships, the FA Cup, three League Cups, and the European Cup by that point in their history. Although they won 20 league titles in all, the Red Devils went on to capture 12 FA Cups and four European Cups.

Football History

Football has been played in at least half a dozen different games in varying degrees throughout its history. For thousands of years, people have been tossing and turning the ball around.

The game’s origins can be traced back to the Han Dynasty of China in the second and third centuries BC in a military training exercise. Kicking a leather ball stuffed with feathers and hair, known as Tsu’ Chu, was the first form of football. Long bamboo canes were used to build the posts.

The Japanese Kemari is another kind of game, which may be found in our neighbouring country’s capital city of Tokyo. It’s been around for 500-600 years now, but people are still playing the same game.

When comparing Tsu Chu with Kemari the only main difference is that the former has a competitive element while the latter has less battle for possession. Players form a circle and pass the ball to each other without allowing it to touch the ground, which is the goal of the game.

Roman ‘Harpastum’ was the third main version of football, and it was closer to the contemporary sport than the other two. Harpastum was played on a rectangular field marked by boundary lines and a centre line between two teams.

the main goal of this match was to break through your opponent’s defence and score points for your side. It was a game that comprised players passing the ball back and forth, with a heavy emphasis on deceit. Before the Romans brought it to Britain, the game had been widely popular for 700-800 years.

Football as we know it today got its start in the United States. Football, on the other hand, has been around for more than a century. First, the Football Association (FA) was formed in England in 1863, following the breakup of ‘rugby football’ and ‘association football.

Football Game
Football Game

Dimensions and Equipment Rules

Field Surface

It is possible to play a match on a natural or synthetic surface. The artificial surfaces should have a green colour to them.

Field Markings

Ideally, the field of play should be rectangular and marked by lines. The borders of the play area are marked by these lines. There are two long and two short boundary lines, known as touchlines and goal lines, respectively. The goal lines should be 90 to 120 metres in length. Touchlines should be 45 m to 90 m in length.

It is important that the thickness of these lines does not exceed 12 cm and that it be consistent for all lines on the pitch.

A midway line divides the playing area into two halves. The goal line is the same length as the half-line, which connects the midpoints of the two touchlines.

The play begins at the designated centre mark of this line.
This mark has a 9.15 m radius around it, signifying that no opposing players are allowed to reach this area during the kickoff. ‘

Penalty Area

From the inside of each goal post, two 16.5 m lines are formed at right angles to the goal line. There is a goal-line parallel line that extends 16.5 m into the field of play and connects to the other lines. These lines, along with the goal line, form the penalty area, which is defined by these lines.

At a distance of 11 metres from the midpoint between the goalposts and equidistant to both of them a penalty mark is put in this penalty area.

Each penalty mark has a circle with a radius of 9.15 metres drawn around it. This arc extends outside the penalty area.

Flag Posts

Differentiation between corner kick and throw-in is made by flag post. As a rule, it should stand at least 1.5 metres tall and be situated at each of the four corners. It should have a flat top, not a point.


Each goal line should have a goal at the centre of it. Two ‘woodwork’ posts are equal distances from the corner flag posts on a typical goal.

A horizontal crossbar connects them at the top. A variety of materials are acceptable for goalposts and crossbars.

A square, round rectangle, or elliptical shape is acceptable as long as it is safe for players to interact with it.

The crossbar’s lower edge should be 2.44 m from the ground, making the distance between the posts exactly 7.32 m.

Ball Specification

The ideal shape of a soccer ball is perfectly round. There are a variety of materials that can be used, including leather.

You can go up to 70 centimetres in circumference, but not beyond 68 centimetres. Weight limits are 410 g maximum, and 450 g maximum.

At sea level, the ball’s pressure should be between 0.6 and 1.1 atmospheres (600 and 1,100 g/cm2).

Football Jersey

There is a shirt and shorts in a typical football jersey. If shorts or other undergarments are worn, they should match the jersey’s colour scheme. Goalkeepers should wear a distinct colour shirt than the rest of the team. Aside from that, opposing teams’ uniforms should be contrasting.

Football Rules

Periods of Play

A standard football match lasts two halves of 45 minutes each, excluding the extra time.

Half-time Interval

It is customary for half-time intervals for players to be granted. There should be no more than 15 minutes between half-time and full-time. The referee’s approval is required if this period needs to be changed.

Extra Time (or Injury Time)

Play may be allowed to continue for an additional 45 minutes if the referee determines that it is in the best interest of the game to do so.

  • substitutions
  • assessment of players’ injury and/or his/her subsequent removal for treatment
  • time-wasting
  • field invasion
  • any other cause


When an on-field player is injured, strategic, or for any other reason, the bench player is substituted. Regardless of the situation, each team is limited to three substitutions every game.

For the referee to be prepared, both sides need to submit the names of their substitutes before the match begins.

Procedure of Substitution

  • the referee should be informed before any proposed substitution is made
  • the substitute should enter the field of play only after the player being replaced has left
  • the substitute should enter the field of play only from the halfway line and only during any stoppage in the match
  • a player cannot be part of the play again once he/she is substituted

Dropped Ball

When the ball is still in play and the referee decides to stop play for a cause not specified in the Laws of the Game, the game can be restarted by dropping the ball. This involves the referee dropping play with only two opposing teams in immediate proximity before resuming it.


The ball and the previous opponent are used to determine whether a player is in an offside position (excluding the goalkeeper). The offside position is based on the time the pass was triggered, not the time it was completed.

The primary referee’s assistants, the linesmen, are responsible for constantly determining whether or not a player is in an offside position.

A player isn’t in an offside position if:

  • he is in his own team’s half of the field of play or
  • he is in line with the second-last opponent

If a player obtains the ball by a goal kick, throw-in, or corner kick, it is not offside.

Offside positions are not explicitly illegal, but the referee can punish a player who interferes with play, interferes with an opponent, or obtains an advantage by being in the offside area, even though it is not illegal to be there.

Penalty Kick

When a penalty is awarded in the penalty area, the goalkeeper is just between the posts, allowing the awarded team’s player an opportunity to score. If an opponent commits a foul, the opponent is penalised.
Once the ball has been kicked into the penalty area, no on-field players from either team should enter the penalty area.


Yellow Card

To convey a player’s admonition, the referee uses the yellow card. A red card is issued if two yellow cards are shown.

Red Card

As a means of conveying that a player has been dismissed, the referee uses the “red card.” The player who receives a red card has no recourse if he or she wants to appeal the verdict. If found guilty, a player facing a three-game suspension faces a direct red card in the majority of competitions.

Direct Free Kick

If an opposing team commits a foul, a side is granted a direct free kick. Kicking the ball in any direction is allowed without interference from opponents.

If the ball from a direct free kick enters :

  • the goal opponents’ goal, a goal is awarded
  • the team’s own goal, a corner kick is awarded to the opponent.

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