Canadian pop star Justin Drew Bieber is his stage name. Many people acknowledge Bieber’s significant impact on contemporary popular music and his ability to blend musical styles. In this article we are going to talk about Justin Bieber Illness: Which Disorder Has Affected This Singer’s Life? The Canadian music artist, now 28 years old, was born with a genetic disorder known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome. The varicella-zoster virus, sometimes known as the chickenpox virus, is responsible for this disease.
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease, yet the virus can lie dormant in a person’s system for decades after the initial infection has cleared. The dorsal root ganglion, a cluster of nerve cells near the spinal cord, is a common hiding place. As a result of a viral infection that has paralyzed one side of his face, Justin Bieber has had to postpone upcoming concert appearances. Bieber said in an Instagram video, “As you can see, this eye is not blinking.” This side of my face doesn’t work for smiling. There’s no way this nostril is budging.
If the virus is allowed to lie latent, it will not manifest any symptoms. It can reawaken in some people. This can arise on its own or in response to a known trigger such as another illness (including COVID-19), a compromised immune system, or stress. Together, these factors alter how the immune system functions, allowing the varicella virus to reawaken and spread disease.
The painful rash and blisters of shingles manifest in one localized area (commonly the chest) upon reactivation of the virus. When the reactivation affects the facial nerve, however, it is called Ramsay Hunt syndrome, named after the physician who initially documented the condition in 1907. Anyone who has had chickenpox is at risk for developing Ramsey Hunt syndrome, which affects an estimated 5 in 100,000 people each year.
In what ways is it harmful?
From the brain, the facial nerve travels through the tiny facial canal to the face. Both the left and right sides of the face are controlled by hemispheres in the brain. Since the nerve travels through this tight canal in bone, even minor swelling might cause discomfort. And because it’s so far back in the skull, it can be quite challenging to cure.
For part of its journey, the facial nerve travels with the vestibulocochlear nerve, which is involved in hearing and balance, which is why some persons with Ramsay Hunt syndrome also have problems with hearing, such as tinnitus, and occasionally balance.
Paralysis of the facial nerve, which controls facial expression muscles, is a common sign of this disease, making it difficult to smile or frown. Some patients also have altered taste and speaking and a diminished capacity to blink. The paralysis is accompanied by a painful rash that appears on and around the affected ear. This rash rules out Bell’s palsy as the cause (another type of facial paralysis).
Damage to the eye’s cornea is a known consequence of Ramsay Hunt syndrome (where light passes through for vision). This is because the eyes aren’t properly lubricated because of the absence of blinking. The lacrimal gland, which is supplied by the facial nerve, can be paralyzed as well. The fluid used to moisten the eye is secreted by this gland. Artificial tears may be necessary for those with Ramsay Hunt syndrome to keep their eyes moist. The injured eye must also be glued shut overnight.
Antiviral medications, steroids, and pain relievers are the standard treatment. It is advisable to get started on treatment as soon as possible to increase the likelihood of a full recovery. Treatment initiated within three days of the onset of symptoms results in a full recovery in roughly 70% of patients. However, if therapy is delayed beyond this window, the likelihood of a full recovery reduces to 50%.